Common name: Bluefin tun
Scientific name: Engraulis encrasicholus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Seasonality: all the year
Biological and ecological features of the species: It has solid, fusiform body, the adults have a more rounded belly, streamlined at the sides. Its skin is covered with smooth scales; it is dark blue on the back and white on the sides and belly. Its ventral fins are kept closed while swimming so that the fish has a more streamlined, efficient shape. It is a gregarious, migratory species that feeds on fish, molluscs and crustaceans.
Max length: 2,5m-3m o 300 kg
Minimum conservation reference size: 115 cm o 30 kg
Fishing gear: Tuna purse seine
Nutritional qualities: Tuna flesh is characterized by high levels of proteins with a high biological value and by lipid levels variable with fish size and season. This species is also a good source of vitamin A, zinc, iron and magnesium. In the bluefin tuna muscle, the most prevalent fatty acids are the monounsaturated and polyunsaturated ones.