Octopus (Octopus vulgaris)

Octopus vulgarisCommon name: Octopus

Scientific name: Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797)

Seasonality: all the year

Biological and ecological features of the species: The octopus has three hearts and can change colour very rapidly. It uses this skill is to blend into its environment and to communicate with other octopus. It has a double row of suckers on each of its eight tentacles, this distinguishes it from the musky octopus that has just one row of suckers. In the middle of its eight tentacles, on the underside its mouth can be found with a horny beak used to crack shells and the carapace of crustaceans on which it feeds.

Max length: 1 mt

Minimum conservation reference size: not applicable

Fishing gear: Bottom trawl

Nutritional qualities:  From a nutritional point of view, octopus, like other cephalopod mollusks, is rich of connective tissue, a feature giving it a tough texture. This species contains a low amount of protein in comparison with fish. Due to the low lipid and high water contents, the energy value of this species is very low. Octopus is a good source of zinc, iron and magnesium. It is also a discrete source of omega-3 fatty acids.

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