Common name: Sprat
Scientific name: Sprattus sprattus (Linnaues, 1758)
Seasonality: all year except July August September
Biological and ecological features of the species: Similar to the sardine, it is characterised by ventral fins that are at the same height as the dorsal fin and by the absence of the spots sardines have on their sides. Its back is blue, the belly silvery-white. It is a migratory, gregarious pelagic species that gathers in large shoals.
Max length: 15-16 cm
Minimum conservation reference size: Not applicable
Fishing gear: Pelagic trawl
Nutritional qualities: Small pelagic fish, characterized by a high lipid content, variable with seasons, a feature limiting its shelf-life. Lipids have a high nutritional value, being rich of polyuinsaturated fatty acids, particularly omega-3 fatty acids . This species is a good source of vitamin E and vitamin A, fat-soluble vitamins, and mineral elements. In particular it is a good source of iron, zinc and magnesium.