Common name: Atlantic bonito
Scientific name: Sarda Sarda (Bloch, 1793)
Seasonality: all the year
Biological and ecological features of the species: It has fusiform body, larger than mackerel. Its back is a deep blue colour, and blackish at the base of the spine and head. The sides are blue-green, with oblique, black longitudinal lines. Its belly is silvery white with a metallic sheen. It is a gregarious, migratory pelagic species which reproduces in spring. It feeds on sardines, anchovies and other pelagic species.
Max length: 80 cm
Minimum conservation reference size: 25cm
Fishing gear: Long line
Nutritional qualities: This species is characterized by tasty and fat flesh (its lipid content may vary between 3 g and 10 g/100 g) and by a high protein content. Its is a good source of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins A and E, iron, selenium and phosphorus. This species is often confused with the little tunny and is considered less pregiated than the bluefin tuna and albacore.