Scientific name: Xiphias gladius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Seasonality: from April to October
Biological and ecological features of the species: Its body is dark in colour on the back, its sides are silvery with hints of purple and its belly is whitish. Its characteristic feature is the unmistakable “sword”. Its body is lithe and muscular, almost shark-like; it is a predatory and migratory species. Its tail is forked and thin, crescent-shaped. It has large eyes and good eyesight. The sword is an extension of the jaw and is up to 1/3 of the body length, it is made of bone and has sharp edges.
Max length: 4,5 m (400 Kg)
Minimum conservation reference size: 140 cm (including sword)
Fishing gear: Long line
Nutritional qualities: Swordfish has lean and tasty flesh characterized by a high content of valuable proteins. This species is also a good source of vitamin E, magnesium and zinc. The omega-3 fatty acid content is not much high.